The Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms, ca. 800.
Wiki: “The Heptarchy is a collective name applied to the seven petty kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England from the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain in 5th century until their unification into the Kingdom of England in the early 10th century. The term "Heptarchy" alludes to the tradition that there were seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, usually enumerated as: East Anglia, Essex, Kent, Mercia, Northumbria, Sussex and Wessex. The Anglo-Saxon kingdoms eventually unified into the Kingdom of England.”
“Though heptarchy suggests the existence of seven kingdoms, the term is just used as a label of convenience and does not imply the existence of a clear-cut or stable group of seven kingdoms. The number of kingdoms and sub-kingdoms fluctuated as kings contended for supremacy. In the late 6th century, the king of Kent was a prominent lord in the south; in the 7th century, the rulers of Northumbria and Wessex were powerful; in the 8th century, Mercia achieved hegemony over the other surviving kingdoms, particularly with "Offa the Great". Yet, as late as the reigns of Eadwig and Edgar (955–75), it was still possible to speak of separate kingdoms within the English population.”
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What's your ancestry? 10% Irish? 20% Italian? 30% English? You may be surprised that the people here in Yorkshire have an unusual history. Love this great shot by @paddyo.11 of the coastal town of Whitby. Perched high on a cliff above, lies the haunting remains of Whitby Abbey, the inspiration for Bram Stoker's gothic tale of 'Dracula'...but it's not a fictional story that makes this part of Britain unique.
It turns out that Yorkshire is dominated by the ancestry that has it roots across the North Sea. Groups we have called Germanic, Teutonic, Saxon, Alpine, Scandinavian and Norse Viking make up 52 per cent of Yorkshire’s Y chromosome, compared to 28 per cent across the whole of the rest of Britain! How amazing is that?
This small town on the North Yorkshire coast lays claim to much history. In 657 AD Whitby became known as Streonshalh when the then Christian King of Northumbria, Oswy founded a monastery and Abbey there. The Vikings arrived in 867 AD destroying the monastery and renaming the settlement Whitby from the old Norse for White Settlement.... and it looks like so many Vikings liked this place so much, they made it their new home! Great shot by @paddyo.11 🇬🇧 Want your Photos of Britain to be featured? Follow us and tag us in the picture too! We feature the very best of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland! 🇬🇧